What qualifies as a high-risk pregnancy?
From the age of 35, a woman’s ability to reproduce decreases. The probability of a natural pregnancy after you turn 40 is only around 8%, while at the same time the likelihood of a miscarriage increases. Pregnancies after the age of 35 are therefore formally classified as high-riskpregnancies. This does not necessarily mean that there are specific health risks for mother and child. The term “high-risk pregnancy” is mandatory – in practice, this means that the attending doctors must monitor the progression of the pregnancy particularly closely and check it more strictly than usual.
What are the risk factors for a pregnancy?
The woman’s age is one of many risk factors for a pregnancy – even a young woman’s pregnancy is classified as high-risk if there are complications or health problems. The most common risk factors are:
- Chronic diseases such as diabetes or rheumatism
- Metabolic disorders
- Unhealthy lifestyle (poor nutrition, lack of exercise)
- Use of medication
- Alcohol, tobacco and other drugs
Formally speaking, today 25–30% of pregnant women are considered to have high-risk pregnancies. It is far less common for actual complications to occur – also because there is comprehensive medical assistance during the pregnancy.