1. Choosing the right moment
It is important that the procedure takes place shortly before ovulation or on the day of ovulation. The moment of ovulation can be determined very accurately by the doctor using ultrasound scans and hormone checks.
2. Preparing the sperm
When the day arrives, fresh or cryopreserved (frozen) sperm are required. If fresh sperm and homologous insemination are used, the partner must provide a sperm sample on the day of the procedure. The seminal fluid is then taken to the laboratory and prepared there. This involves filtering out as many motile sperm as possible.
3. Inserting seminal fluid
The doctor then inserts the prepared seminal fluid directly into the woman’s uterine cavity using a soft catheter. This is referred to as intrauterine insemination (IUI). The treatment takes only a few minutes.