- Diagnostics and treatment
- Prerequisites and causes
- VivaNeo fertility clinics
Roughly 10% of women with a desire to have children fail to conceive (immediately). Unwanted childlessness is therefore an issue for a large number of women – and their partners.
Roughly one out of every six couples will face fertility issues. Their problems are caused by the man ~30% of the time, by the woman ~30% of the time, and by both ~30% of the time. In roughly 10% of the couples with issues, the reason they’re unable to conceive are unidentified.
We offer a wide range of fertility treatments, but some (cis-hetero) couples only have one way of eventually conceiving. They depend on a fertility treatment using donated sperm to fulfill their desire to have children. Single or lesbian women also need donated sperm in order to undergo a treatment at all.
In order to guarantee safe treatments, with optimal chances of conceiving successfully, it’s important to examine every potential sperm donor before he’s allowed to donate.
Unfortunately, the waiting list for a treatment using donated sperm is very long. Women who come to us for such a treatment sometimes need to wait for over a year, due to the low number of sperm donors we have in the Netherlands.
Artificial insemination using donated sperm (KID) or intrauterine insemination using donated sperm (IUI-D) are names for a medical fertility treatment using donated sperm in order to conceive. At the MCK Fertility Center, this treatment is offered to women whose partners are infertile as well as single women or women in a lesbian relationship. Many of these people wouldn’t have the possibility of having children at all if it weren’t for donated sperm. In the Netherlands, there’s a large gap between the demand for and supply of donated sperm, causing long waiting lists throughout the country.
This is why we really need sperm donors. They can provide these people with the chance of becoming parents to a child they really want. If you’re thinking of donating sperm, please read the information on this website before applying.
A sperm bank is a part of a fertility laboratory. It allows us to store and keep donated sperm cells, which will be used in fertility treatments if the woman has no other way to conceive.
The sperm will be processed in the fertility laboratory, where the motile sperm cells will be separated from the non-motile ones. The sperm cells are frozen in liquid nitrogen, allowing us to store them for an extended period of time. Only the motile sperm cells will be frozen for later use in an artificial insemination treatment.
We implore you to register to become a sperm donor. However, there are a number of requirements in order to be allowed to donate. These are dictated by European and Dutch legislation.
You can register only if you meet the following requirements:
After registering, you’ll be invited for a commitment-free informative consultation with one of our embryologists. During this consultation, you’ll receive more information regarding the practicalities and procedures of sperm donation. Since we use frozen sperm exclusively, it’s important that your sperm is of sufficient quality in order to be used as donor sperm. This means that there will be a sperm analysis. One of our embryologists will inform you telephonically of the result. If the result is positive, a medical intake with one of our physicians will be scheduled. During it, the physician will check whether you’re medically suited to be a donor. They’ll ask about your medical history and your family’s history of hereditary issues. In addition to that, your blood and urine will be tested for a number of sexually transmitted diseases.
A consultation over the phone will be scheduled to inform you of the results. If you’re approved to be a donor, you’ll be able to schedule your first appointment to donate after this.
The donor agreement will be explained to you over the course of the consultations with the embryologist and physician. In it, you can indicate the maximum number of children to be begotten from your sperm. Rather still, we’d indicate a maximum number of families; many of our clients prefer the same biological background if they’re having a second child. Since a second pregnancy would take place much later, it’s important to collect a certain amount of sperm.
After being approved by the embryologist and physician and signing the donor agreement, you’ll be an official sperm donor. In order to offer our clients maximum security, we regularly screen donors for several kinds of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Especially HIV (aids) can be undetectable for a long time after being contracted. For this reason, we’ll only use your sperm if the blood tests are still negative 6 months after your final donation. A consequence of this is that the sperm must be frozen during that time and can only be used after. An additional benefit of using frozen sperm is that the donor and the client do not need to be present in our facility on the same day, so there’s little chance of them meeting.
This protocol does call for high demands to sperm quality: the process of cryogenic storage always damages a number of the viable sperm cells. Therefore, sperm needs to be of above average quality in order to be used as donor sperm. In practice, what this means for the donor is that a relatively large number of ejaculates will be deposited and entered into cryogenic storage during a period of six months minimum, in order to build a ‘stock’ in our sperm bank.
According to Dutch guidelines, sperm donors must be screened regularly for the following infectious diseases: Hepatitis B and C, HIV, syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhea. For this purpose, some blood will be drawn and you’ll be asked to provide morning urine every three months. You’ll be asked to return for a final screening 6 months after your final donation.
The number of times you’ll donate depends on the quality of your sperm as well as the maximum number of families you’re willing to help. At the moment, we ask for a minimum of 5 families, and a maximum of 15. You decide how many families you’re willing to help. This will be recorded in the donor agreement. You’ll likely have to be at our clinic to donate at least twice a month over a period of six months minimum.
Since 2014, anonymous sperm donation has been outlawed in the Netherlands, as established in a law known as the ‘Wet Donorgegevens Kunstmatige Bevruchting’ (law on Donors’ Personal Details for Artificial Insemination).
All sperm banks are required to register all data related to successful treatments in which a child is conceived using donated sperm to a database in the ministry of VWS. The Stichting Donorgegevens Kunstmatige Bevruchting (the Donors’ Personal Details Registration Association – will be referred to as SDKB) oversees this data. It will be kept on record for 80 years.
During the intake consultation, the physician and donor will fill out a donor passport together. The information in it is meant mainly for the child. If the child decides that they want to know more regarding the social background of their begetter, that information can be found in the donor passport. The donor will provide information regarding his social background, for example: education, occupation, family situation, and his motivation for being a donor. In addition to this, some physical characteristics will be added to the donor passport. It will not contain identifying details such as name, address or date of birth.
The SDKB will provide physical and social attributes of the donor (such as hair color, eye color, occupation and education) to the parents and/or child after the child’s twelfth birthday. After the sixteenth birthday, the child can request personal identifying features of the donor. If a child wishes to meet their donor, that donor will be informed. The meeting will be conducted by the FIOM and will not happen until after you’ve talked to someone about what exactly will happen. The donor has no rights or (financial) duties regarding the child, and the child or parents cannot demand rights in return. More information regarding current legislation can be found at the SDKB’s website: www.donorgegevens.nl
When the stock we have is enough to provide the agreed-upon number of pregnancies, you can stop donating. Of course, if desired, you can stop donating earlier than that, too. A final consultation with one of our embryologists will be scheduled. During it, we’ll inform you of the number of facilitated pregnancies and check whether your contact information is still correct.
You’ll receive 50 euros of reimbursement of expenses for every donation. In addition to this you’ll receive reimbursement for traveling expenses.