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The following information is provided to support our patients on their way to a successful pregnancy.
Basically it needs three factors:
By changing their lifestyle patients themselves can positively influence the quality and health of oocytes, sperm cells and the uterus and therefore increase the chances for a successful IVF treatment. Already small changes of daily life habits can bring a lot of advantages:
Our Sterignost Vivaneo team always appeals to both partners because it is easier to change things together. Furthermore the quality of both oocytes and sperm cells increases. A long term improvement of lifestyle shows its best effects when started around three months before a planned IVF treatment. Reducing free radicals is an important keyword:
Free radicals are highly reactive atoms or molecules that result from unhealthy diet or physical and emotional stress. Inside the body they cause damage to healthy proteins, lipids carbohydrates and also the DNA, leading to cellular damage or inflammations (oxidativ stress). Vitamins (especially vitamin C), trace elements (zinc, selenium) and anti-oxidant enzymes (glutathion) can neutralise those free radicals.
The desire of having a baby finally gives you the perfect reason to reduce or even quit nicotine consumption. Active and passive smoking has a huge negative effect on fertility because cigarette smoke contains numerous toxic substances (nicotine, carbon monoxide, heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic carbohydrons) that produce free radicals and therefore have a negative impact on the menstrual cycle, the ovarian reserve and the quality of the oocytes, the functioning of the Fallopian tubes and the endometrium. Smoking can decrease a man's fertility by reducing sperm concentration and motility and even can damage the DNA which may lead to higher miscarriage rates. Basically, smoking reduces sperm quality of 10-20% in all parameters and therefore chances are lower that a healthy sperm cell reaches the oocyte and fertilizes it.
Regular physical exercise strengthens the body and increases the chances for a pregnancy. Extreme sports, though, put our body under stress which can lead to amenorrhea or cycle irregularities. The lack of sleep, as well as emotional and physical stress, have a similar negative effect on fertility in both men and in women.
A balanced diet is important to keep our body healthy. If you and your partner are seeking to get pregnant it is necessary to keep a healthy diet with lots of fresh fruit and vegetables and enough water. Omega 3 fatty acids, contained especially in fish and and certain cooking oils (linseed, hempseed, walnut and olive oil) are beneficial for a pregnancy and the later development of the child.
Underweight as well as severe overweight have a negative influence on fertility in both men and women. In women who suffer from body weight issues the over/underproduction of estrogen leads to a disparity in hormone levels and can therefore reduce fertility. In overweight men too much testosterone is transformed into estrogen which leads to a loss in sperm quality, whereas underweight men suffer from potency disorders more frequently. Depending on the individual body weight, a gain or loss in weight might increase fertility rates in both men and women but should be a result of slow progress.
Men, watch out to not expose yourself to high temperatures during the months before an IVF treatment! Try not to go to the sauna and inform our staff when had very high temperature during illness. Avoid taking hot baths and wearing too tight trousers. Even holding a notebook on your lap can raise temperature up to unhealthy levels. Inside the testicles the ideal temperature for sperm production is at around 35°C, therefore too high body temperature (high fever) has negative influence on sperm concentration and motility. Since the interval from the production of a sperm cell to its best maturation is about 72 days, it takes 3 months after a fever to regain good sperm quality.
Nowadays it is almost impossible to avoid getting in contact with platicizers. Try to replace plastic bottles by glass bottles and to use only paper packaging. Avoid the use of plastic containers/materials for food storage, processing and heating!